Jungian and Freudian Astrology: Part 1
Astrologers feel a sort of natural affinity with Jungian psychology and apply many of its concepts to their astrological work. It was Jung that gave us the unconscious as the basis of fate, something that has been used extensively in understanding how destiny plays out in our lives.
As Alice Hopewell notes in Jungian Symbolism in Astrology the symbolic life is the opening of the door to the mystery of the human being. The reason people are so drawn to astrology is because these unique symbols describe the primary psychological functions of every individual.
Naturally, the whole Jung vs Freud issue is inevitably brought up in any discussion on psychology as it was their meeting and working together that played such a vital part in history, along with a famous parting of ways as their views significantly split. The astrology of two of the greatest psychologists of all time, reflect what areas of psychology they have ultimately been drawn towards. As the renowned astrologer, Liz Greene has observed in The Outer Planets and Their Cycles: The Astrology of the Collective (Lectures on modern astrology) “that Jung and Freud studied what they knew best”. The scientific view of Freudian make-up is related to his Sun-Uranus in aspect. Jung’s mystic, religious, and spiritually collective motifs forming from his exact Sun square Neptune contact.
Jung, himself, was significantly drawn to alchemy as he was completely fascinated by the Self. Applying Jung to solar issues is particularly helpful, especially when talking about individuality (Jung had Sun in Leo). Self and the definition of the word meaning center and totality of the psyche. “All the planets revolve around the Sun, and it represents the ‘true self’ and to ignore this essential part of us, allowing the world to wear us down is risking living a totally unlived, unhappy and purposeless existence. Even the thought of it may leave us imagining that we have turned to stone and an empty feeling of being unfulfilled. The Sun is the person we identify with and our solar aspects color our light and way of being in the world. Astrologer Sue Tompkins says that some people radiate like a 150 watt light bulb, whereas others get by on 40 watts.” The Sun Finding Out Who You Really Are
If we examine other parts of the horoscope for psychological associations we find that the Ascendant is the persona – representing the mask we wear in the outer world. “We all don a psychological mask every time we enter into a public situation. The Ascendant in the chart is what represents this mask and we all have outer surfaces, and when we get to know others we enter into their interior selves. The inside of a person is a unique piece of their world that is theirs and only belongs to them, and it is when we are not wearing our psychological makeup we reveal our hidden self.” The Ascendant Two Versions of the Self
The Elements in astrology – Jung classified them into psychological types: Intuition (fire), Sensation (earth), Thinking (air), and Feeling (water). “Astrology divides up the 12 signs into four elements – Fire, Earth, Air, and Water. Each of the elements contains three signs and they are also referred to as the triplicities. According to the Kabbalah, the universe is divided, each into four ideal worlds, or planes of existence corresponding to the four elements. The four elements are known in psychological astrology as the ‘four functions’ which govern the human psyche. Each element has a specific way of manifesting energy. All of this means is that there are four ways of understanding the world, and four ways of perceiving life and they embody the concept of wholeness. In fact, it is believed that we have two selves, oneself wants to merge with others and things (Water and Earth) and one that seeks creative independence and freedom (Air and Fire). The elements as described by Dane Rudyhar in Person Centered Astrology as a need to fill our inner-most potentials along the fourfold path of sensation, feeling, thought and intuition.” Astrology Psychology and the Four Elements
The aspects in the chart are related to sub-personalities. Moreover, the planetary relationships formed in our chart are also symbolic of inner friction, complexes, and drives. Jung as Freud’s’ disciple introduced the complex into psychological thought as described in The Horoscope in Manifestation: Psychology and Prediction The “word association test” was developed as proof of the existence and nature of unconscious complexes.
The Anima and Animus – femininity and masculinity – we project these figures onto partners. The feminine planets being the Moon, Venus, Neptune, and Pluto. The masculine planets – Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Uranus. Mercury is an asexual figure and becomes ever more fascinating throughout a study. It seems to hold a close relationship to synchronicity (more on synchronous events in Part 2). These chance meetings, or stumbling upon something at the right time, and relevant invitation arriving once the mind prompts a new awareness of a need to know something significant. It is often observed when becoming increasingly aware of something and walking over to a bookcase, opening a book, and quickly finding the answer. I find synchronicity common in the Mercurial area of reading and writing, and it can easily be found elsewhere. Mercury holds an important key in life and is often the connecting function in the horoscope.
Saturn is also not female or male according to psychology astrology. Saturn, as Liz Greene discussed in Relating: An Astrological Guide to Living with Others on a Small Planet, relates to the shadow aspect of the personality. The ‘old devil’ as referred to by both Greene and Howell. In fact, Alice Howell states that once Saturn is unmasked, it reflects the spirit of the Sun. This is interesting as the Sun represents the ego – and Saturn the super-ego, applying Freudian mentality. The Saturnian element in the horoscope acts as a container of the personality.